The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha is a State Order established by the Grand and General Council of the Republic of San Marino on 5 June 1923. The Order is reformed by decrees of 15 September 1923 and 9 June 1925.

It is named after Saint Agatha, patron of the Republic, on whose feast day of 5th of February, Pope Clement XII re-established the sovereignty of the Republic in 1740.

It is an Order of merit awarded to foreign nationals who have been positively contributed charitable and other services either for outstanding civil or military services to the Republic or for humanitarian, artistic, political or sporting accomplishments.  

The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha is conferred by the Grand and General Council on the proposal of the Most Excellent Regency of the Republic of San Marino. It has 5 ranks:

  • Grand Cross 
  • Grand Officer 
  • Commander 
  • Officer 
  • Knight

Saint Agatha

Saint Agatha died in defence of her purity, in Catania, Sicily, where she was born. After Quintanus, the governor of Sicily, tried in vain to force her to consent to sin, she was imprisoned for a month with an evil woman.

He then turned from sensuality to cruelty and had her breasts cut off, but that night Agatha was healed by St. Peter. She was then rolled over sharp stones and burning coals, and finally taken to prison where she died while praying. Her name appears in the Roman Canon.

A year after her death the city of Catania was in great peril from an eruption on Mount Etna. Pagans, too, were numbered among those who fled in terror to the saint’s grave. Her veil was taken and held against the onrushing flames, and suddenly the danger ceased. Her grave is venerated at Catania in Sicily.

Saint Agatha is the patron of San Marino, Malta, and of provinces of Catania and Palermo in Italy, and Zamarramala in Spain. As well she is the patron of bell-founders; breast cancer; breast disease; firefighters; earthquakes; eruptions of Mount Etna; fire prevention; jewellers; martyrs; nurses; rape victims; single laywomen; sterility; torture victims; volcanic eruptions.

On Saint Agatha’s Day people are encouraged to do:

  • Bake an Agatha loaf! On St. Agatha’s feast day people would bake loaves attached to a picture of St. Agatha and prayers for protection from fires. The parish priests would bless the loaves, and people would keep them in their homes in case of a poor harvest and famine. The prayers would then be hung above the main door of each home to invoke St. Agatha’s guardianship.
  • Spanish tradition associates this feast day with ancient fertility customs. Young men would visit many farms throughout the countryside, singing songs of praise to St. Agatha and invoking God’s blessing upon people, animals, and fields. However, if they did not receive the customary gifts of money or food for their services, they would call down a ‘quick old age’ upon the ungrateful inhabitants of that farm. Although most of us do not live in such communities where this kind of custom would be practicable or even understood, we can pray to St. Agatha for greater openness to the transmission of new life in our culture, and actively affirm and support young couples with children whenever possible.
  • St. Agatha is the patron saint against fire. Take this day to establish a fire escape plan for the family and to practice a family fire drill. Also check the smoke detectors, fire alarms, and carbon monoxide detectors to see if they are all working. Change the batteries on all the alarms! 

Prominent people

On 4 June 1925 Major General Edgar Erskine Hume was awarded the Officer of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha.

He served in the U.S Army medical corps, as well he was a writer and amateur ornithologist. At the time of his retirement from the Army, he was the most decorated medical officer in American history.

 

On  19 May 1932, Mons. Giovanni Battista Montini was awarded Grand Officer of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha.

Montini played an important role in the planning of the Second Vatican Council, serving on the Central Preparatory Commission and the Technical-Organizational Commission. On June 21, 1963, Montini was elected pope on the sixth ballot of voting, taking the name Paul VI.

 

On  22 November 1934, His Royal Highness Edward Albert Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VIII, was awarded the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha. 

The insignia of the order were delivered directly into the hands of the Prince during an official audience at Buckingham Palace by San Marino Consul General in London, Melvill Jamieson. 

 

On 22 November 1934, King Eduard VII was awarded the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha. 

Edward VII was Prince of Wales and heir apparent to the British throne for almost 60 years. He was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.  He fostered good relations between Britain and other European countries, especially France.

 

On  June 10, 1968, Giulio Andreotti, was awarded the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha. He was one of the most skilful and powerful politicians of Italy in the era after World War II.

Over a 20-year period, he was a leading figure in the Italian Christian Democratic Party (DC) and served as Prime Minister of Italy several times (1972–73, 1976–79, and 1989–92).

 

On April 6th, 2020, Rt Hon Theresa May MP was awarded the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha.

The Republic of San Marino has recognised the Rt Hon Theresa May MP’s merits not only as a former UK Prime Minister and a strong woman in the UK politics but as well in promoting and protecting the rights of women and girls worldwide.

 

On 6 April  2020, Rt Hon Jeremy Hunt MP was awarded the Grand Officer of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha.

The Republic of San Marino has recognised his merits in promoting San Marino best interests in the UK and dedicated work in leading his own charity & supporting other charities worldwide, as well for helping the Republic during the pandemic COVID19.

Most recent awards

Rt Hon Theresa May MP – Dame of the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Rt Hon Jeremy Hunt MP – Knight Grand Officer of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Dr Maurizio Bragagni OBE – Knight Commander of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Professor George Holmes DL – Knight Commander of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Dominic Johnson CBE – Knight Officer of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Andrew Rosindell MP – Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Professor Nadey Hakim – Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Ms Zilah Skerritt – Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Mrs Lubov Chernukhin – Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Mr Joe Ricotta – Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Dr Selva Pankaj– Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Dr Uday Nayak– Knight of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Mr Norman Foster– Knight Grand Officer of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

Below is a list with the names of some of the most prominent people and the rank of the Order of Saint Agatha that the Republic of San Marino has awarded since the establishment of this Order, listed in chronological order from the oldest award date.

This list is prepared in close cooperation with the State Archives of San Marino and will remain here until the  State Archives will publish a full list of awards on their website.

Name

Rank

Honourable Grandi Dino

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Conte Pullè Carlo Felice

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Azzariti avv. Gaetano

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Messea dott. Alessandro

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

De Fouquiere Augustin Pierre

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Bargoni Foscolo

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Loze Maurice Henry

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Edgar Erskine Hume

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Gasparri cardinale Pietro

Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata e di S. Marino

Montini mons. Giovanni Battista -The future Pope Paolo VI

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Sua Altezza Reale Edoardo Alberto Principe di Galles

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Steblowski dott. Adam

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Colonnello Sir Vivian Gabriel 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Del Sera Fiaschi marchese Emilio 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Bazzini Edgardo 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Von Hoepfner Alexander

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Newton Ravinetti Claudio 

Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Reisinger Enrico 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Manzoni Ansidei conte Luigi 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Matricardi Donato 

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Von Graffen generale Karl

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Hume Edgard Erskine 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Fiske colon. Norman Edgard 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Sorieri Antonio A. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Poletti colon. Charles 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Benson C.E.

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Zervudachi magg. L.E. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Farinacci colon. Charles J. 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Cowper Valentine Randal Augustus 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Despax Michael E.

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Patrick S. Stuart

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Elwes colon. Francis Guy Robert 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Spencer O. A. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Thompson Archibald Willliam Stopford

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Snedeker Lendon

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Young W.F.D. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Daitz Bernard D.

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Major ten. Ralph H. Jr.

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Rogers dott. Paolo N. 

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Petrillo Clement C.

Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Marchisio Juvenal 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Keeny S. M. 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Barr Howard 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Moos Edoardo Enrico

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Strachan-Audas magg. Derrick 

Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Generale Mac Clarck 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Walton colon. Charles W. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Kinney Edward M. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

O’Connor Edward M. 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Scelba rag. Francesco 

Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Andreotti Giulio 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Amor Paul 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

CONSTANT avv. Jean 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

VANDERVEEREN avv. Jose’

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

ZWILLENBERG dott. Hermann Hugo 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

GORGA SODERINI conte prof. Daniele 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

MAC EWAN Gerald Thomson 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

DE DUIKINGBERG Florin 

Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

LARBAUD Valery 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

CHIARAMELLO dr. Domenico 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

ONESTI avv. Giulio 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

URBANEJA prof. Felipe 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

BRUNDAGE Avery 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

VIOLA Ettore 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

LIFSCHITZ dr. Boris 

Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

CAILLARD D’AILLIERES Fernand 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

ROTHSCHILD Robert 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

WILSON John Mitchell Harvey 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

DE SCHRYVER Albert 

Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

PAULUS DE CHATELET dr. Jean Pierre 

Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

SPADOLINI prof. Giovanni

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

DELPUECH Vincent 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

MOTZ Roger

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

Barone Georges MOEN DE FERNING 

Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

COOREMANS Lucien 

Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

MABILLE Henri 

Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata

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