The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha is a State Order established by the Grand and General Council of the Republic of San Marino on 5 June 1923. The Order is reformed by decrees of 15 September 1923 and 9 June 1925.

It is named after Saint Agatha, patron of the Republic, on whose feast day of 5th of February, Pope Clement XII re-established the sovereignty of the Republic in 1740.

It is an Order of merit awarded to foreign nationals who have been positively contributed charitable and other services either for outstanding civil or military services to the Republic or for humanitarian, artistic, political or sporting accomplishments.  

On November 22, 1934, His Royal Highness Edward Albert Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VIII, was awarded the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of St. Agatha. The insignia of the order were delivered directly into the hands of the Prince during an official audience at Buckingham Palace by San Marino Consul General in London, Melvill Jamieson. 

On February 20, 1937, King George VI was awarded the Grand Cross of San Marino. Consul Jamieson himself attended the coronation on behalf of the Republic and delivered the insignia to the new King, who sent the Regency a letter, signed by him, in which he assured his “constant friendship” and “keen interest” in everything what “concerns the well-being and prosperity of your historic Republic”.

The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha is conferred by the Grand and General Council on the proposal of the Most Excellent Regency of the Republic of San Marino. It has 5 ranks:

  • Grand Cross 
  • Grand Officer 
  • Commander 
  • Officer 
  • Knight

Saint Agatha

Saint Agatha died in defence of her purity, in Catania, Sicily, where she was born. After Quintanus, the governor of Sicily, tried in vain to force her to consent to sin, she was imprisoned for a month with an evil woman. He then turned from sensuality to cruelty and had her breasts cut off, but that night Agatha was healed by St. Peter. She was then rolled over sharp stones and burning coals, and finally taken to prison where she died while praying. Her name appears in the Roman Canon.

A year after her death the city of Catania was in great peril from an eruption on Mount Etna. Pagans, too, were numbered among those who fled in terror to the saint’s grave. Her veil was taken and held against the onrushing flames, and suddenly the danger ceased. Her grave is venerated at Catania in Sicily.

Saint Agatha is the patron of San Marino, Malta, and of provinces of Catania and Palermo in Italy, and Zamarramala in Spain. As well she is the patron of bell-founders; breast cancer; breast disease; firefighters; earthquakes; eruptions of Mount Etna; fire prevention; jewellers; martyrs; nurses; rape victims; single laywomen; sterility; torture victims; volcanic eruptions.

On Saint Agatha’s Day people are encouraged to do:

  • Bake an Agatha loaf! On St. Agatha’s feast day people would bake loaves attached to a picture of St. Agatha and prayers for protection from fires. The parish priests would bless the loaves, and people would keep them in their homes in case of a poor harvest and famine. The prayers would then be hung above the main door of each home to invoke St. Agatha’s guardianship.
  • Spanish tradition associates this feast day with ancient fertility customs. Young men would visit many farms throughout the countryside, singing songs of praise to St. Agatha and invoking God’s blessing upon people, animals, and fields. However, if they did not receive the customary gifts of money or food for their services, they would call down a ‘quick old age’ upon the ungrateful inhabitants of that farm. Although most of us do not live in such communities where this kind of custom would be practicable or even understood, we can pray to St. Agatha for greater openness to the transmission of new life in our culture, and actively affirm and support young couples with children whenever possible.
  • St. Agatha is the patron saint against fire. Take this day to establish a fire escape plan for the family and to practice a family fire drill. Also check the smoke detectors, fire alarms, and carbon monoxide detectors to see if they are all working. Change the batteries on all the alarms! 

 

Prominent people

Below is a list with the names of some of the most prominent people and the rank of the Order of Saint Agatha that the Republic of San Marino has awarded since the establishment of this Order, listed in chronological order from the oldest award date :

Order of St Agatha- Prominent people Rank
Honourable Grandi Dino Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Conte Pullè Carlo Felice Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Azzariti avv. Gaetano Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Messea dott. Alessandro Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
De Fouquiere Augustin Pierre Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Bargoni Foscolo Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Loze Maurice Henry Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Edgar Erskine Hume Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Gasparri cardinale Pietro Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata e di S. Marino
Montini mons. Giovanni Battista -The future Pope Paolo VI Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Sua Altezza Reale Edoardo Alberto Principe di Galles Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Steblowski dott. Adam Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Colonnello Sir Vivian Gabriel  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Del Sera Fiaschi marchese Emilio  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Bazzini Edgardo  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Von Hoepfner Alexander Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Newton Ravinetti Claudio  Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Reisinger Enrico  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Manzoni Ansidei conte Luigi  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Matricardi Donato  Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Von Graffen generale Karl Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Hume Edgard Erskine  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Fiske colon. Norman Edgard  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Sorieri Antonio A.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Poletti colon. Charles  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Benson C.E. Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Zervudachi magg. L.E.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Farinacci colon. Charles J.  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Cowper Valentine Randal Augustus  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Despax Michael E. Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Patrick S. Stuart Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Elwes colon. Francis Guy Robert  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Spencer O. A.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Thompson Archibald Willliam Stopford Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Snedeker Lendon Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Young W.F.D.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Daitz Bernard D. Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Major ten. Ralph H. Jr. Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Rogers dott. Paolo N.  Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Petrillo Clement C. Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Marchisio Juvenal  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Keeny S. M.  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Barr Howard  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Moos Edoardo Enrico Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Strachan-Audas magg. Derrick  Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Generale Mac Clarck  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Walton colon. Charles W.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Kinney Edward M.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
O’Connor Edward M.  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Scelba rag. Francesco  Cavaliere – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Andreotti Giulio  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Amor Paul  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
CONSTANT avv. Jean  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
VANDERVEEREN avv. Jose’ Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
ZWILLENBERG dott. Hermann Hugo  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
GORGA SODERINI conte prof. Daniele  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
MAC EWAN Gerald Thomson  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
DE DUIKINGBERG Florin  Cavaliere Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
LARBAUD Valery  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
CHIARAMELLO dr. Domenico  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
ONESTI avv. Giulio  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
URBANEJA prof. Felipe  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
BRUNDAGE Avery  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
VIOLA Ettore  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
LIFSCHITZ dr. Boris  Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
CAILLARD D’AILLIERES Fernand  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
ROTHSCHILD Robert  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
WILSON John Mitchell Harvey  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
DE SCHRYVER Albert  Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
PAULUS DE CHATELET dr. Jean Pierre  Cavaliere Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
SPADOLINI prof. Giovanni Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
DELPUECH Vincent  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
MOTZ Roger Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Barone Georges MOEN DE FERNING  Cavaliere di Gran Croce – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
COOREMANS Lucien  Cavaliere Grand’Ufficiale – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
MABILLE Henri  Commendatore – Ordine Equestre di Sant’Agata
Rt Hon Theresa May MP Dame of the Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha
Rt Hon Jeremy Hunt MP Grand Officer of the Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha

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